Meat Processing Business Tool Kit

Exploring a Meat Processing Business Toolkit

This toolkit is a set of resources for entrepreneurs interested in starting or expanding a meat processing facility or those interested in exploring the industry. These resources are tools that entrepreneurs can use as aids in their decision-making processes. The tools in this kit are focused on Ohio, but can be replicated for other geographies. All these tools are meant to be individualized based on an entrepreneur’s unique circumstances and goals. Using these tools does not guarantee success.

The tools in this kit are intended to be individualized and aid entrepreneurs with decision-making about meat processing enterprises. However, these resources do not anticipate every decision an entrepreneur will need to make and entrepreneurs will likely need to utilize additional tools and resources. For more assistance, please contact any of the staff located in the Contact Us portion for more help.

Getting Started

In the early phases of exploring a new or expanded meat processing business, entrepreneurs may want to assess the potential need for an enterprise in their region by reviewing the region’s livestock production, current meat processing capacity, and the various models for meat processing enterprises. Below is a list of questions to review and answer before moving forward. Questions are designed to give readers an idea of the basic approach to getting involved in the meat industry.

Questionnaire 1

Questionnaire 2 

Understanding the Capacity of the Region

The tools below can help entrepreneurs explore the potential need for a meat processing facility in their region based on current processing capacity and livestock production. Check the user information guide in each resource to see how you can adapt the material for a specific geographic area.

Ohio Map of Federal and State Inspected Facilities and Auction Sites

Ohio Livestock Inventory Information by County

Livestock Inventory Data Workbook

Considering Different Models

There are many different types of meat processing enterprises, from cooperatives and corporations to mobile slaughter units and high-volume slaughterhouses. This bulletin explores models that have been used around the United States to develop or expand local meat processing enterprises via farmer engagement, partnership, or investment. This is not an exhaustive list of meat processing models. It is a review of some innovative models utilized by producers and processors.

Farmer Focused Models for Local Meat Processing

Moving Forward

As entrepreneurs explore the opportunity to start or expand a meat processing enterprise, it is helpful to develop a business plan and assess the financial requirements of the future venture. The tools below are intended to help entrepreneurs develop informed, comprehensive plans that can be utilized to make decisions about the opportunity. Entrepreneurs may also use business and financial plans in obtaining loans for a business. 

Business Planning

A business plan can help entrepreneurs communicate their ideas, identify areas they have not considered, and develop their understanding of the industry and business they are exploring. Entrepreneurs can use the following documents as templates for writing a business plan. This includes a link to Iowa State University’s Guide to Designing Small Red Meats Plants, which may answer questions about facility planning and needed supplies. In developing the plan, entrepreneurs will answer important questions like: How will the business be managed? How will the business market its products or services? What is the business’s competitive factor?

Guide to Designing Small Red Meat Plants by Iowa State University

Cooperative Business Plan Template

Business Plan Template

Ohio Regulatory Contacts


An important step in the business planning process is financial modeling. The templates in these toolkit models will help entrepreneurs estimate start-up costs, income, and expenses to understand the financial viability of an enterprise. Entrepreneurs should use information specific to their operation to develop accurate projections.

Co-op Financial Start-Up Model Template

Financial Model Template

Exploring Funding Sources

Meat processing is a capital-intensive business and entrepreneurs exploring a meat processing business will have to plan for the financial needs of the enterprise.  This tool outlines types of funding that an entrepreneur might use to build or expand a meat processing business, along with examples of potential funding sources.

Exploring Capital Sources for Meat Processing Enterprises

Feasibility Study Example

Entrepreneurs planning for a meat processing business may conduct a detailed analysis to determine if an enterprise is economically feasible. Entrepreneurs may also use a feasibility analysis to help build their business plan. Future processors and others can use the analysis as a model for conducting their own assessment with updated data and information for their own circumstances, or they can use the analysis to check their business planning assumptions.

Meat Processing Feasibility Study, Adams County, Ohio

Oklahoma Small Meat Processing Feasibility Study by Oklahoma State University 

USDA Poultry Processing Feasibility Study in Southeast Michigan

Additional Resources

Niche Meat Processing Assistance Network

Contact Us for Assistance

Staff and faculty at The Ohio State University are available to assist entrepreneurs who are exploring meat processing enterprises with business planning or better understanding the industry.

Ohio State University Meat Science Extension

Lyda G. Garcia, PhD - Extension Meat Specialist, Fresh Meats                                                            

Lynn Knipe, PhD - Extension Meat Specialist, Processed Meat and HACCP 

CFAES Center for Cooperatives

Hannah Scott - Center for Cooperatives Program Manager                                                                  

Ryan Kline - Cooperative Development Specialist   

OSU South Centers Business Development Network

Brad Bapst - Small Business Development Center Director                                                     

Chris Smalley - Business Development Specialist